Antiquities and Archaeology News Egypt

Egyptian pharaoh’s tomb discovered by American archaeologists

The important find is the burial site of Sobekhotep I, believed to be the first king of the 13th Dynasty

The immense royal quartzite sarcophagus of Sobekhotep I

The tomb of the Egyptian pharaoh King Sobekhotep I, believed to be first king of the 13th Dynasty (1781BC-1650BC), has been discovered by a team from the University of Pennsylvania at Abydos in Middle Egypt, 500km south of Cairo.

Since new royal tombs are rarely discovered, and as only ten from the 13th Dynasty are known—all at Dahshur, just south of Cairo—this is an important find. King Sobekhotep I ruled for only about three years, at a time when Egypt was entering a period of decline. In fact, the chronological evidence for this period is so complex that scholars are still debating the order of the 13th Dynasty kings.

Sobekhotep I’s tomb was constructed from limestone brought from the Tura quarries near modern Cairo, while his burial chamber is made from red quartzite. The burial was originally topped by a pyramid. Among the further finds are a 60-ton quartzite sarcophagus, a stele bearing the name of the king, an image of Sobekhotep I enthroned, parts of the canopic jars that once contained the pharaohs internal organs, and funerary objects.

Excavation at the tomb is ongoing, though Egypt’s antiquities chief, Mohamed Ibrahim, hopes to open the site to the public, once the tomb has been restored.

This is not the only discovery of an ancient Egyptian site since the New Year. Working at Luxor, a team from Japan’s Waseda University uncovered the tomb of Khonsu-em-heb, an overseer of granaries and beer-brewers for the goddess Mut during the Ramesside Period (1298BC-1069BC). The tomb walls are painted with many beautiful scenes that illustrate religious ceremonies and show the tomb’s owner, Khonsu-em-heb, with his wife and daughter, who were both chantresses of Mut. The Japanese team uncovered the tomb while clearing the courtyard of another nearby burial site.

UPDATE, 15 January 2014: Another tomb, this time of a previously unknown pharaoh named Seneb-Kay, was also unearthed at Abydos, Egypt, by the same team from the University of Pennsylvania.

Although relatively small, and constructed from reused blocks dated to the Middle Kingdom (2066BC-1781BC), the tomb was originally richly equipped with gilded funerary equipment, fragments of which were found during excavation. The king's skeleton, canopic jars, fragments of the wooden coffin and cartonnage funerary mask, which was probably gilded and later stripped of its decoration by tomb robbers, were also found within.

Seneb-Kay appears to have ruled as a regional king at Abydos during Egypt's Second Intermediate Period (1781BC-1549BC), a time when central government power had broken down and the kingdom's unity had fragmented.


Excavation of the tomb of King Sobekhotep I
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Comments

21 Jan 14
16:22 CET

LIZ, IDAHO FALLS

Fantastic. To reach back through time and learn how a culture lived is a wonderful thing.

10 Jan 14
0:25 CET

ARCHAELOGIST, BRITAIN

so amazing, i longed to work in Egypt and discover many vast mummies and tombs

8 Jan 14
23:42 CET

NANCY HEGAN, DENVER, CO

Every new find is a miracle of human history

8 Jan 14
17:3 CET

ELMER MANALO, LIPA CITY PHILIPPINES

What really fascinates me everytime we discover ancient artifacts is the immensity of the huge stones carved to perfect symmetry that puzzles my imagination. How on earth could they have done this on their own?

8 Jan 14
17:4 CET

HELEN, LIVERPOOL UK

Fantastic!!!! what more can one say really. If I had of had the brains its the one career I would have loved to have had, that of an archaeologist. I find it so interesting, especially Egyptian Archaeology, keep looking you guys out there!!!

8 Jan 14
17:4 CET

J LEE CLINE, SUNLAND, CA

How many pyramids were destroyed in Roman times?

8 Jan 14
17:5 CET

PAMELA GAYLE SANDWELL , BRIDGEPORT IL

Will this be put on tv? I love watching these finds.

8 Jan 14
17:5 CET

ALALADE WALE, LAGOS

Great discovery

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